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Famous Birthdays
 Encyclopaedia Britannica

*1943British Conservative politician John Major, who served as prime minister of the United Kingdom from 1990 to 1997, was born. 
*1918Retail magnate Sam Walton, born this day in 1918, became one of the wealthiest individuals in American history, founding Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., and developing it into the largest retail sales chain in the United States.  
*1790John Tyler, the 10th president of the United States (184145), was born. 
2004Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia became members of NATO.  
1999At least 87 people died in an earthquake in India's Himalayan foothills.  
1999The Dow Jones industrial average closed above the 10,000 mark for the first time.  
1998Tennessee won the woman's college basketball championship over Louisiana. Tennessee had set a NCAA record with regular season record or 39-0.  
1995The U.S. House of Representatives rejected a constitutional amendment that would have limited terms to 12 years in the U.S. House and Senate.  
1993Clint Eastwood won his first Oscars. He won them for best film and best director for the film "Unforgiven."  
1993The South Korean government agreed to pay financial support to women who had been forced to have sex with Japanese troops during World War II.  
1992Democratic presidential front-runner Bill Clinton said "I didn't inhale and I didn't try it again" in reference to when he had experimented with marijuana.  
1987Hulk Hogan took 11 minutes, 43 seconds to pin Andre the Giant in front of 93,136 at Wrestlemania III fans at the Silverdome in Pontiac, MI.  
1986A court in Rome acquitted six men in a plot to kill the Pope.  
1982The soap opera "Search for Tomorrow" changed from CBS to NBC.  
1979The Committee on Assassinations Report issued by U.S. House of Representatives stated the assassination of President John F. Kennedy was the result of a conspiracy.  
1975Egyptian president Anwar Sadat declared that he would reopen the Suez Canal on June 5, 1975.  
1974Eight Ohio National Guardsmen were indicted on charges stemming from the shooting deaths of four students at Kent State University on May 4, 1970. All the guardsmen were later acquitted.  
1974Mariner 10, the U.S. space probe became the first spacecraft to reach the planet Mercury. It had been launched on November 3, 1973.  
1973American troops evacuated Saigon (Ho Chi Minh City) as the United States ended its involvement in the Vietnam War. 
1973"Hommy," the Puerto Rican version of the rock opera "Tommy," opened in New York City.  
1971A jury in Los Angeles recommended the death penalty for Charles Manson and three female followers for the 1969 Tate-La Bianca murders. The death sentences were later commuted to live in prison.  
1971Lt. William Calley Jr., of the U.S. Army, was found guilty of the premeditated murder of at least 22 Vietnamese civilians. He was sentenced to life imprisonment. The trial was the result of the My Lai massacre in Vietnam on March 16, 1968.  
1967France launched its first nuclear submarine.  
1966Leonid Brezhnev became the First Secretary of the Soviet Communist Party. He denounced the American policy in Vietnam and called it one of aggression.  
1962Cuba opened the trial of the Bay of Pigs invaders.  
1962Jack Paar made his final appearance on the "Tonight" show.  
1961The 23rd amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified. The amendment allowed residents of Washington, DC, to vote for president.  
1951In the United States, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were convicted of conspiracy to commit espionage. They were executed in June 19, 1953.  
1951The Chinese reject MacArthur's offer for a truce in Korea.  
1951Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were found guilty of espionage and sentenced to death for turning over U.S. military secrets to the Soviet Union. 
1946Fiorella LaGuardia became the director general of the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Organization.  
1946Gold Coast became the first British colony to hold an African parliamentary majority.  
1943In the U.S. rationing of meat, butter and cheese began during World War II.  
1941The British sank five Italian warships off the Peloponnesus coast in the Mediterranean.  
1936Italy firebombed the Ethiopian city of Harar.  
1932Jack Benny made his radio debut.  
1917Man o' War, perhaps the most famous American Thoroughbred in 20th-century horse racing, was foaled. 
1916The Italians call off the fifth attack on Isonzo.  
1913The Reichstag announced a raise in taxes in order to finance the new military budget.  
1906In the U.S., 500,000 coal miners walked off the job seeking higher wages.  
1903A regular news service began between New York and London on Marconi's wireless.  
1901The first federal elections were held in Australia.  
1882The Knights of Columbus organization was granted a charter by the State of Connecticut.  
1867On this day in 1867, with the British North America Act, the British colonies of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Canada were united as the Dominion of Canada, and the province of Canada was separated into Quebec and Ontario.  
1848Niagara Falls stopped flowing for one day due to an ice jam.  
1847U.S. troops under General Winfield Scott took possession of the Mexican stronghold at Vera Cruz.  
1807German astronomer Wilhelm Olbers discovered the minor planet Vesta, the brightest asteroid in the sky. 
1638First permanent European settlement in Delaware was established.  
1461Edward IV defeated Henry VI for the throne of England in the bloodiest battle of the York-Lancaster conflict known as the Wars of the Roses. 
Asterisks (*) denotes birthday

Famous Birthdays
1982 - Hideaki TakizawaJapanese Actor - Singer
1976 - Jennifer CapriatiFormer Tennis Player
1968 - Lucy LawlessActress (Xena)
1964 - Elle MacphersonActress - Model
1961 - Amy SedarisComedian - Actress
1950 - Bud CortActor (Dogma)
1943 - John MajorBritish Conservative (1990-1997)
1918 - Sam WaltonFounder of Wal-Mart, Inc
1918 - Pearl BaileyActress - Singer
1905 - Philip AhnKorean - American Actor
1867 - Cy YoungMLB Pitcher
1790 - John Tyler10th USA Pesident (18411845)

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