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Today in History
Famous Birthdays
 Encyclopaedia Britannica

*1917John F. Kennedy, born this day in 1917, was the 35th president of the United States (1961–63). His administration faced a number of foreign crises, most notably the failed Bay of Pigs invasion, the Cuban missile crisis, and the building of the Berlin Wall. His achievements included the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty and the Alliance for Progress, intended to promote democracies in Latin America. He was assassinated while riding in a motorcade in Dallas, Texas. 
*1860Composer and virtuoso pianist Isaac Albéniz was born in Camprodón, Spain. 
*1736Orator and major American Revolution figure Patrick Henry was born in Studley, Virginia. 
2001In New York, four followers of Osama bin Laden were convicted of a global conspiracy to murder Americans. The crimes included the 1998 bombings of two U.S. embassies in Africa that killed 224 people.  
2001The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that disabled golfer Casey Martin could use a cart to ride in tournaments. 
2000Fiji's military took control of the nation and declared martial law following a coup attempt by indigenous Fijians in mid-May.  
1999Space shuttle Discovery completed the first docking with the International Space Station.  
1997The ruling party in Indonesia, Golkar, won the Parliament election by a record margin. There was a boycott movement and rioting that killed 200 people.  
1995The last 3 bodies were recovered from the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City.  
1990Boris Yeltsin was elected president of the Russian republic by the Russian parliament.  
1988NBC aired "To Heal A Nation," the story of Jan Scruggs' effort to build the Vietnam Veterans Memorial.  
1988U.S. President Reagan began his first visit to the Soviet Union in Moscow.  
198539 people were killed and 400 were injured in a riot at a European Cup soccer match in Brussels, Belgium.  
1978In the U.S., postage stamps were raised from 13 cents to 15 cents.  
1974U.S. President Nixon agreed to turn over 1,200 pages of edited Watergate transcripts.  
1973Tom Bradley was elected the first black mayor of Los Angeles.  
1965Ralph Boston set a world record in the broad jump at 27-feet, 4-3/4 inches, at a meet held in Modesto, CA.  
1962Buck (John) O’Neil became the first black coach in major league baseball when he accepted the job with the Chicago Cubs.  
1953After no fewer than 10 attempts, Mount Everest was finally surmounted in 1953, as the result of efforts by an expedition sponsored by the Royal Geographical Society and the Joint Himalayan Committee of the Alpine Club. Open- and closed-circuit oxygen systems, specially insulated boots and clothing, and portable radio equipment were used by the climbers. Eight camps were established on the route that was taken up the Khumbu Icefall and Glacier, the Western Cwm, and the face of Lhotse to the South Col, a rocky ridge at about 8,000 metres (26,200 feet). From there, on this day, Edmund Hillary of New Zealand and Tenzing Norgay of Tibet ascended the Southeast Ridge, past South Summit, to the top. 
1951C.F. Blair became the first man to fly over the North Pole in single engine plane.  
1932World War I veterans began arriving in Washington, DC. to demand cash bonuses they were not scheduled to receive for another 13 years.  
1922Ecuador became independent.  
1922The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that organized baseball was a sport, not subject to antitrust laws.  
1916The official flag of the president of the United States was adopted.  
1916U.S. forces invaded Dominican Republic and remained until 1924.  
1912Fifteen women were dismissed from their jobs at the Curtis Publishing Company in Philadelphia, PA, for dancing the Turkey Trot while on the job.  
1911The first running of the Indianapolis 500 took place.  
1910An airplane raced a train from Albany, NY, to New York City. The airplane pilot Glenn Curtiss won the $10,000 prize.  
1905The Russian navy was defeated in the Battle of Tsushima during the Russo-Japanese War. 
1849A patent for lifting vessels was granted to Abraham Lincoln.  
1848Wisconsin became the 30th state of the Union; Madison became the state capital the same year. 
1827The first nautical school opened in Nantucket, MA, under the name Admiral Sir Isaac Coffin’s Lancasterian School.  
1790Rhode Island became the last of the original thirteen colonies to ratify the U.S. Constitution.  
1765Patrick Henry denounced the Stamp Act before Virginia's House of Burgesses.  
1721South Carolina was formally incorporated as a royal colony.  
1660Charles II was restored to the English throne after the Puritan Commonwealth.  
1658The Battle of Samugarh was fought in a contest for the throne between the sons of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan following the emperor's serious illness in September 1657. 
1453Constantinople fell to Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II, ending the Byzantine Empire.  
Asterisks (*) denotes birthday

Famous Birthdays
1975 - Melanie Janine Brown
1967 - Noel Gallagher
1961 - Melissa Etheridge
1959 - Adrian Paul
1958 - Annette Bening
1956 - LaToya Jackson
1953 - Danny Elfman
1947 - Anthony Geary
1939 - Al Unser
1932 - Paul Erlich
1917 - John F. Kennedy
1903 - Bob Hope
1874 - G.K. Chesterton
1736 - Patrick Henry

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