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Famous Birthdays
 Encyclopaedia Britannica

*1928Irish author William Trevor was born in County Cork, Ireland. 
*1819Born this day in 1819, Victoria was the queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1837–1901) and empress of India (1876–1901). She was the last of the house of Hanover and gave her name to an era, the Victorian Age. During her reign the English monarchy took on its modern ceremonial character. She and her husband, Prince Consort Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, had nine children, through whose marriages were descended many of the royal families of Europe. During her lengthy reign, the longest in English history, Victoria restored both dignity and popularity to a tarnished crown: an achievement of character, as well as longevity. 
*1816Emamual Leutze was born in Germany. He was most famous for his paintings "Washington Crossing the Delaware" and "Columbus Before the Queen".  
2001Temba Tsheri, 15, became the youngest person to reach the summit of Mount Everest. 
2000A Democratic Party event for Al Gore in Washington brought in $26.5 million. The amount set a new record, which had just been set the previous month by Republicans for Texas Gov. George W. Bush.  
2000Five people were killed and two others wounded when two gunmen entered a Wendy's restaurant in Flushing, Queens, New York. The gunmen tied up the victims in the basement and then shot them.  
2000The U.S. House of Representatives approved permanent normal trade relations with China. China was not happy about some of the human rights conditions that had been attached by the U.S. lawmakers.  
199939 miners were killed in an underground gas explosion in the Ukraine.  
1994The four men convicted of bombing the New York's World Trade Center were each sentenced to 240 years in prison.  
1993Roman Catholic Cardinal Juan Jesus Posada Ocampo and six other people were killed at the Guadalajara, Mexico, airport in a shootout that involved drug gangs.  
1993The Ethiopian province of Eritrea declared itself an independent nation.  
1990The Edmonton Oilers won their fifth National Hockey League (NHL) Stanley Cup.  
1986Montreal won its 23rd National Hockey League (NHL) Stanley Cup championship.  
1983The Brooklyn Bridge's 100th birthday was celebrated.  
1983The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the federal government had the right to deny tax breaks to schools that racially discriminate.  
1980The International Court of Justice issued a final decision calling for the release of the hostages taken at the U.S. embassy in Tehran on November 4, 1979.  
1976Britain and France opened trans-Atlantic Concorde service to Washington.  
1974The last "Dean Martin Show" was seen on NBC. The show had been aired for 9 years.  
1967California Governor Ronald Reagan greeted Charles M. Schulz at the state capitol in observance of the legislature-proclaimed "Charles Schulz Day."  
1962The officials of the National Football League ruled that halftime of regular season games would be cut to 15 minutes.  
1961The Freedom Riders were arrested in Jackson, Mississippi.  
1958United Press International was formed through a merger of the United Press and the International News Service.  
1954The first moving sidewalk in a railroad station was opened in Jersey City, NJ.  
1951In the U.S. nuclear program, the fourth test of Operation Greenhouse resulted in the first proof-of-principle test of a booster design in nuclear fission. Boosting referred to a process whereby thermonuclear reactions were used as a source of neutrons for inducing fissions at a much higher rate than could be achieved with neutrons from fission chain reactions alone. 
1950‘Sweetwater’ (Nat) Clifton’s contract was purchased by the New York Knicks. Sweetwater played for the Harlem Globetrotters and became the first black player in the NBA.  
1941The HMS Hood was sunk by the German battleship Bismarck in the North Atlantic. Only three people survived.  
1935The Cincinnati Reds played the Philadelphia Phillies in the first major league baseball game at night. The switch for the floodlights was thrown by President F.D. Roosevelt.  
1931B&O Railroad began service with the first passenger train to have air conditioning throughout. The run was between New York City and Washington, DC.  
1930Amy Johnson became the first woman to fly from England to Australia.  
1913The U.S. Department of Labor entered into its first strike mediation. The dispute was between the Railroad Clerks of the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad.  
1899The first public garage was opened by W.T. McCullough.  
1883After 14 years of construction the Brooklyn Bridge was opened to traffic.  
1881About 200 people died when the Canadian ferry Princess Victoria sank near London, Ontario.  
1878The first American bicycle race was held in Boston.  
1863Bushwackers led by Captain William Marchbanks attacked a U.S. Federal militia party in Nevada, Missouri.  
1859Charles Gounod's "Ave Maria" was performed by Madame Caroline Miolan-Carvalho for the first time in public.  
1856John Brown led an antislavery party to murder five men from a proslavery settlement on Pottawatomie Creek in Kansas Territory in the Pottawatomie Massacre. 
1844Samuel F.B. Morse formally opened America's first telegraph line. The first message was sent from Washington, DC, to Baltimore, MD. The message was "What hath God wrought?"  
1830The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad was the first steam-operated railway in the United States to be chartered as a common carrier of freight and passengers. The first 21 km (13 miles) of line opened this day, spanning from Baltimore to Ellicott's Mills (now Ellicott City), Maryland. The maiden voyage of Peter Cooper's locomotive Tom Thumb demonstrated to doubters that steam traction was feasible on the steep, winding grades. The B&O Railroad Company was established by Baltimore merchants to compete with New York merchants and their newly opened Erie Canal for the trade to the West. 
1830The first passenger railroad service in the U.S. began service.  
1822At the Battle of Pichincha, Bolivar secured independence of the Quito.  
1822Part of the Latin American wars of independence from Spanish rule, the Battle of Pichincha took place on the lower slopes of Cerro Pichincha, an Andean volcano; it was a victory for South American rebels. 
1798Believing that a French invasion of Ireland was imminent, Irish nationalists rose up against the British occupation.  
1764Bostonian lawyer James Otis denounced "taxation without representation" and called for the colonies to unite in demonstrating their opposition to Britain’s new tax measures.  
1738The Methodist Church was established.  
1689The Toleration Act was passed by the British Parliament, granting freedom of worship to Nonconformists and allowing them their own places of worship and their own teachers and preachers. 
1624After years of unprofitable operation Virginia’s charter was revoked and it became a royal colony.  
1610Sir Thomas Gates institutes "laws divine moral and marshal," a harsh civil code for Jamestown.  
1607Captain Christopher Newport and 105 followers found the colony of Jamestown at the mouth of the James River on the coast of Virginia.  
1543Nicolaus Copernicus published proof of a sun-centered solar system.  
Asterisks (*) denotes birthday

Famous Birthdays
1988 - Billy Gilman
1963 - Joe Dumars
1955 - Rosanne Cash
1945 - Priscilla Presley
1944 - Patti LaBelle
1943 - Gary Burghoff
1941 - Bob Dylan
1938 - Tommy Chong

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