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Famous Birthdays
 Encyclopaedia Britannica

*1897American novelist and short-story writer William Faulkner, considered one of the greatest writers of the 20th century, was born this day in Mississippi in 1897 and was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1949. 
*1897Author William Faulkner was born. He is remembered for his works "As I Lay Dying," "Light in August" and "The Sound and the Fury."  
*1725Nicolas Joseph Cugnot was born. He was the inventor and builder of two steam-propelled tractors. They are considered to be the world's first automobiles.  
2012Legendary singer Andy Williams, known for his smooth voice and classics such as "Moon River," died on this day in 2012, after a year-long battle with bladder cancer at his Branson, Missouri, home. Andy was 84. 
2002In Karachi, Pakistan, seven people were killed and another were wounded by gunmen in the offices of a Christian welfare organization.  
2002U.S. forces landed in Ivory Coast to aid in the rescue foreigners trapped in a school by fighting between government troops and rebel troops. Rebels had attempted to take over the government on September 19.  
2001Michael Jordan announced that he would return to the NBA as a player for the Washington Wizards. Jordan became the president of basketball operations for the team on January 19, 2000.  
1998The death toll due to Hurricane Georges rose to 307 after the storm passed through Caribbean.  
1997Mark & Brian received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.  
1997NBC sportscaster Marv Albert plead guilty to assault and battery of a lover. He was fired from NBC within hours.  
1995Ross Perot announced that he would form the Independence Party.  
1992In Orlando, FL, a judge ruled in favor of 12-year-old Gregory Kingsley. He had sought a divorce from his biological parents.  
1992The Mars Observer blasted off on a mission that cost $980 million. The probe has not been heard from since it reached Mars in August of 1993.  
1991The U.N. Security Council unanimously ordered a worldwide arms embargo against Yugoslavia and all of its warring factions.  
1990The U.N. Security Council voted to impose an air embargo against Iraq. Cuba was the only dissenting vote.  
1987The booty collected from the Wydah, which sunk off Cape Cod in 1717, was auctioned off. The worth was around $400 million.  
1986An 1894-S Barber Head dime was bought for $83,000 at a coin auction in California. It is one of a dozen that exist.  
198338 Irish nationalist guerillas shot their way out of prison near Belfast, Northern Ireland.  
1983A Soviet military officer, Stanislav Petrov, averted a potential worldwide nuclear war. He declared a false alarm after a U.S. attack was detected by a Soviet early warning system. It was later discovered the alarms had been set off when the satellite warning system mistakenly interpreted sunlight reflections off clouds as the presence of enemy missiles.  
1981Sandra Day O'Connor became the first female justice of the U.S. Supreme Court when she was sworn in as the 102nd justice. She had been nominated the previous July by U.S. President Ronald Reagan.  
1978144 people were killed when a private plane and a Pacific Southwest Airlines Boeing 727 collided over San Diego, CA.  
1978Melissa Ludtke, a writer for "Sports Illustrated", filed a suit in U.S. District Court. The result was that Major League Baseball could not bar female writers from the locker room after the game.  
1973The three crewmen of Skylab II landed in the Pacific Ocean after being on the U.S. space laboratory for 59 days.  
1970Hostilities came to an end during Black September, the brief but violent civil war between the Palestine Liberation Organization and Jordan. 
1965Willie Mays, at the age of 34, became the oldest man to hit 50 home runs in a single season. He had also set the record for the youngest to hit 50 ten years earlier.  
1962Sonny Liston became world heavyweight boxing champion with a first-round knockout of Floyd Patterson in Chicago. 
1957300 U.S. Army troops stood guard as nine black students were escorted to class at Central High School in Little Rock, AR. The children had been forced to withdraw 2 days earlier because of unruly white mobs.  
1956A transatlantic telephone-cable system began operation between Newfoundland and Scotland.  
1933Tom Mix was heard on NBC Radio for the first time. His show ran until June of 1950.  
1919U.S. President Woodrow Wilson collapsed after a speech in Pueblo, CO. The speaking tour was in support of the Treaty of Versailles.  
1890Mormon President Wilford Woodruff issued a Manifesto in which the practice of polygamy was renounced.  
1890The Sequoia National Park was established as a U.S. National Park in Central California.  
1882The first major league double header was played. It was between the Worcester and Providence teams.  
1847During the Mexican-American War, U.S. forces led by General Zachary Taylor captured Monterrey Mexico.  
1799André Masséna, French nobleman and general under Napoleon, defeated Russian forces in the Second Battle of Zürich. 
1789The first U.S. Congress adopted 12 amendments to the Constitution. Ten of the amendments became the Bill of Rights.  
1777Philadelphia, then the American capital, was occupied by British forces during the American Revolution. 
1775Ethan Allen was captured by the British during the American Revolutionary War. He was leading the attack on Montreal.  
1690One of America's earliest newspapers published its first and last edition. The "Publik Occurences Both Foreign and Domestik" was published at the London Coffee House in Boston, MA, by Benjamin Harris.  
1513Pacific Ocean sighted by Balboa. On this day (or two days later) in 1513, Spanish conquistador and explorer Vasco Núñez de Balboa, standing “silent, upon a peak in Darién,” on the Isthmus of Panama, became the first European to sight the Pacific Ocean. 
1493Christopher Columbus left Spain with 17 ships on his second voyage to the Western Hemisphere.  
1492The crew of the Pinta, one of Christopher Columbus' ships, mistakenly thought that they had spotted land.  
1066Tostig, earl of Northumbria, and Harald III, king of Norway, were killed in an attempt to depose Tostig's brother, King Harold II of England. 
Asterisks (*) denotes birthday

Famous Birthdays
1969 - Catherine Zeta-Jones
1968 - Will Smith
1965 - Scottie Pippen
1962 - Aida Turturro
1961 - Heather Locklear
1952 - Christopher Reeve
1951 - Mark Hamill
1944 - Michael Douglas
1936 - Juliet Prowse
1932 - Glenn Gould
1931 - Barbara Walters
1930 - Shel Silverstein
1918 - Phil Rizzuto
1906 - Dmitri Shostakovich
1897 - William Faulkner

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