|*1870||Vladimir Ilich Lenin—who founded the Bolshevik political faction (1912–17), inspired and led the Bolshevik Revolution (1917), headed (1917–24) the Soviet state, and founded the organization known as the Comintern (Communist International)—was born.
|*1724||German philosopher Immanuel Kant was born in Königsberg, Prussia (now Kaliningrad, Russia).
Earth Day is a day of hope that energizes people around the world. It brings communities together to confront the spectre of disappearing rainforests and a warming climate. It's a day that celebrates the advance of green innovations.
|2005||Zacarias Moussaoui plead guilty to conspiring with hijackers in the September 11, 2001, plot to attack American buildings and citizens.|| |
|2002||Filippino President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo ordered a state of emergency in the city of General Santos in response to a series of bombing attacks the day before. The attacks were blamed on Muslim extremists. || |
|2000||ABC-TV aired a small portion of the Clinton-DiCaprio interview. || |
|2000||Elian Gonzalez was reunited with his father. He had to be taken from his Miami relatives by U.S. agents in a predawn raid. || |
|1999||The Watson Family received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. || |
|1997||93 people are killed in the insurgency of extremist Muslims that continued in Algeria in a town south of Algiers. || |
|1997||In Lima, Peru government commandos storm and capture the residence of the Japanese ambassador ending a 126-day hostage crisis. In the rescue 71 hostages were saved. Those killed: one hostage (of a heart attack), two soldiers, and all 14 rebels. || |
|1994||Former U.S. president Richard M. Nixon died.
|1993||The U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum was dedicated in Washington, DC. || |
|1987||The American Physical Society said that the "Star Wars" missile system was "highly questionable" and would take ten years to research. || |
|1976||Barbara Walters became first female nightly network news anchor. || |
|1970||The first "Earth Day" was observed by millions of Americans. || |
|1967||Randy Matson set a new world record with a shot put toss of 71 feet, and 5 1/2 inches in College Station, TX. || |
|1954||The U.S. Senate Army-McCarthy televised hearings began. || |
|1952||An atomic test conducted in Nevada was the first nuclear explosion shown on live network television. || |
|1944||During World War II, the Allies launched a major attack against the Japanese in Hollandia, New Guinea. || |
|1931||Egypt signed the treaty of friendship with Iraq. || |
|1931||James G. Ray landed an autogyro on the lawn of the White House. || |
|1930||The U.S., Britain and Japan signed the London Naval Treaty, which regulated submarine warfare and limited shipbuilding. || |
|1918||British naval forces attempted to sink block-ships in the German U-boat bases at the Battle of Zeeburgge. || |
|1915||At the Second Battle Ypres the Germans became the first country to use poison gas. || |
|1915||The New York Yankees wore pinstripes and the hat-in-the-ring logo for the first time. || |
|1915||During World War I, German forces introduced the systematized use of chemical warfare when they released chlorine gas along a 4-mile (6-km) front at the Second Battle of Ypres.
|1914||Babe Ruth made his pitching debut with the Baltimore Orioles. || |
|1898||The first shot of the Spanish-American war occurred when the USS Nashville captured a Spanish merchant ship. || |
|1889||At noon, the Oklahoma land rush officially started as thousands of Americans raced for new, unclaimed land. || |
|1889||At noon, by federal decree, white settlers were allowed into Indian Territory, sparking a land rush involving tens of thousands in what became Oklahoma Territory.
|1876||Eight baseball teams began the inaugural season of the National League. || |
|1864||The U.S. Congress mandated that all coins minted as U.S. currency bear the inscription "In God We Trust". || |
|1861||Robert E. Lee was named commander of Virginia forces. || |
|1792||U.S. President George Washington proclaimed American neutrality in the war in Europe. || |
|1745||The Peace of Fussen was signed, restoring the status quo of Germany. || |
|1616||Spanish author Miguel de Cervantes, who died this day in Madrid in 1616, has long been regarded as the most important figure in Spanish letters, largely for his novel Don Quixote, a classic of Western literature.
|1529||Spain and Portugal divided the eastern hemisphere in Treaty of Saragosa. || |
|1509||Henry VIII ascended to the throne of England upon the death of his father Henry VII. || |
|1500||Portuguese navigator Pedro Alvares Cabral discovered Brazil. || |
|1500||On this day in 1500, Portuguese explorer Pedro Álvares Cabral, while on a voyage tracing Vasco da Gama's 1497–99 water route to India, sighted the mainland of South America near the present-day city of Pôrto Seguro, Brazil.
|1370||Construction began on the Bastille, the medieval fortress that came to symbolize French despotism.
|1073||Gregory VII (later canonized) was elected by acclamation to succeed Alexander II as pope.