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Today in History
Famous Birthdays
 Encyclopaedia Britannica

*1919American singer, songwriter, and activist Pete Seeger, born this day in 1919, played a pivotal role in sustaining the folk music tradition and was an inspiration for younger performers in the folk revival of the 1960s. 
2006In Alexandria, VA, Al-Quaida conspirator Zacarias Moussaoui was given a sentence of life in prison for his role in the terrorist attack on the U.S. on September 11, 2001. 
2000The trial of two Libyans accused of killing 270 people in the bombing of Pan Am flight 103 (over Lockerbie) opened.  
1999Hasbro released the first collection of toys for the Star Wars movie "Episode I: The Phantom Menace."  
1999Mark Manes, at age 22, was arrested for supplying a gun to Eric Harris and Dylan Kleibold, who later killed 13 people at Columbine High School in Colorado.  
1999The Dow Jones Industrial Average closed above 11,000 for the first time.  
1998"The Sevres Road," by 18-century landscape painter Camille Corot, stolen from the Louvre in France.  
1997The "Republic of Texas" surrendered to authorities ending an armed standoff where two people were held hostage. The group asserts the independence of Texas from the U.S.  
1996At the first formal review of the 1980 Geneva Convention on Inhumane Weapons, the signatories agreed to curtail the use of land mines over the next decade. 
1992Five days of rioting and looting ended in Los Angeles, CA. The riots, that killed 53 people, began after the acquittal of police officers in the beating of Rodney King.  
1988The White House acknowledged that first lady Nancy Reagan had used astrological advice to help schedule her husband's activities.  
1986In NASA's first post-Challenger launch, an unmanned Delta rocket lost power in its main engine shortly after liftoff. Safety officers destroyed it by remote control.  
1979On this day in 1979, Margaret Thatcher of the Conservative Party was elected British prime minister, becoming the first woman in Europe to hold that post and later the longest continuously serving British premier since 1827. 
1971Anti-war protesters began four days of demonstrations in Washington, DC.  
1971James Earl Ray, Martin Luther King's assassin, was caught in a jailbreak attempt.  
1971National Public Radio broadcast for the first time.  
1968After three days of battle, the U.S. Marines retook Dai Do complex in Vietnam. They found that the North Vietnamese had evacuated the area.  
1966The game "Twister" was featured on the "Tonight Show" with Johnny Carson.  
1952The first airplane landed at the geographic North Pole.  
1948The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that covenants prohibiting the sale of real estate to blacks and other minorities were legally unenforceable.  
1945Indian forces captured Rangoon, Burma, from the Japanese.  
1944Dr. Robert Woodward and Dr. William Doering produced the first synthetic quinine at Harvard University.  
1944Wartime rationing of most grades of meats ended in the U.S.  
1937American author Margaret Mitchell won a Pulitzer Prize for her enormously popular novel Gone with the Wind, which was made into an Academy Award-winning motion picture two years later. 
1933The U.S. Mint was under the direction of a woman for the first time when Nellie Ross took the position.  
1927Francis E.J. Wilde of Meadowmere Park, NY, patented the electric sign flasher.  
1926In Britain, trade unions began a general strike.  
1926The revival of Wilde's "The Importance of Being Earnest" opened in New York.  
1926U.S. Marines landed in Nicaragua and stayed until 1933.  
1921West Virginia imposed the first state sales tax.  
1916Irish nationalist Padraic Pearse and two others were executed by the British for their roles in the Easter Rising.  
1888Thomas Edison organized the Edison Phonograph Works.  
1859France declared war on Austria.  
1855Macon B. Allen became the first African American to be admitted to the Bar in Massachusetts.  
1815The Congress Kingdom of Poland was created by the Congress of Vienna as part of the political settlement at the end of the Napoleonic Wars. 
1802Washington, DC, was incorporated as a city.  
1568French forces in Florida slaughtered hundreds of Spanish.  
1494European explorer Christopher Columbus encountered the island of Jamaica, which he named Santiago. 
1493Alexander VI divided non-Christian world between Spain and Portugal.  
1471In England, the Yorkists defeated the Landcastrians at the battle of Tewkesbury in the War of the Roses.  
Asterisks (*) denotes birthday

Famous Birthdays
1996 - Noah MunckActor (Gibby on iCarly)
1985 - Greg Raposo
1951 - Christopher Cross
1947 - Doug Henning
1937 - Frankie Valli
1933 - James Brown
1921 - Sugar Ray Robinson
1919 - Pete Seeger
1903 - Bing Crosby
1898 - Golda Meir
1469 - Niccolo Machiavelli

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