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Today in History
Famous Birthdays
 Encyclopaedia Britannica

*1904Influential ballet choreographer George Balanchine was born in St. Petersburg. 
*1778Born this day in 1788, English Romantic poet and satirist Lord Byron captured the imagination of Europe with his personality and work, notably Don Juan and the renowned autobiographical poem Childe Harold's Pilgrimage. 
2003In New York, the "Leonardo da Vinci, Master Draftsmen" exhibit opened at the Metropolitan Museum of Art.  
2003It was reported that scientists in China had found fossilized remains of a dinosaur with four feathered wings.  
2002Amazon.com announced that it had posted its first net profit in the fourth quarter (quarter ending December 31, 2001).  
2002AOL Time Warner filed suit against Microsoft in federal court seeking damages for harm done to AOL's Netscape Internet Browser when Microsoft began giving away its competing browser.  
2002In Calcutta, India, Heavily armed gunmen attacked the U.S. government cultural center. Five police officers were killed and twenty others, including one pedestrian and one private security guard, were wounded.  
2002Kmart Corp. filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy making it the largest retailer in history to seek legal protection from its creditors.  
2002Lawyers suing Enron Corp. asked a court to prevent further shredding of documents due to the pending federal investigation.  
2002Marc Chagall's work "Study for 'Over Vitebsk" was found at a postal installation in Topeka, KS. The 8x10 oil painting is valued at about $1 million. The work was stolen a year before form the Jewish Museum in New York City.  
2001Acting on a tip, authorities captured four of the "Texas 7" in Woodland Park, CO, at a convenience store. A fifth convict killed himself inside a motor home.  
2001Former National Football League (NFL) player Rae Carruth was sentenced to a minimum 18 years and 11 months in prison for his role in the 1999 shooting death of his pregnant girlfriend, Cherica Adams. Adams died a month later from her wounds. The baby survived and lives with the victim's mother.  
2000Elian Gonzalez's grandmothers met privately with U.S. Attorney General Janet Reno as they appealed for help in removing the boy from his Florida relatives and reuniting him with his father in Cuba.  
1998One of the most notorious domestic terrorists in U.S. history, Theodore Kaczynski, the so-called Unabomber, who killed three people and injured 22 in 16 attacks between 1979 and 1995, was sentenced to four terms of life in prison without parole. 
1997The U.S. Senate confirmed Madeleine Albright as the first female secretary of state.  
1995Two Palestinian suicide bombers from the Gaza Strip detonated powerful explosives at a military transit point in central Israel, killing 19 Israelis.  
1992Rebel soldiers seized the national radio station in Kinshasa, Zaire's capital, and broadcast a demand for the government's resignation.  
1987Phil Donahue became the first talk show host to tape a show from inside the Soviet Union. The shows were shown later in the year.  
1984Apple introduced the Macintosh. It was the first computer to use point-and-click technology.  
1983Bjorn Borg retired from tennis. He had set a record by winning 5 consecutive Wimbledon championships.  
1973Joe Frazier lost the first fight of his professional career to George Foreman. He been the undefeated heavyweight world champion since February 16, 1970 when he knocked out Jimmy Ellis.  
1973Roe v. Wade ruling On this day in 1973, the U.S. Supreme Court issued one of its most momentous decisions, ruling in Roe v. Wade that a Texas statute criminalizing abortion in most instances violated a woman's constitutional right of privacy. 
1972The United Kingdom, the Irish Republic, and Denmark joined the EEC.  
1970The first regularly scheduled commercial flight of the Boeing 747 began in New York City and ended in London about 6 1/2 hours later.  
1968"Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In", debuted on NBC TV.  
1964Kenneth Kaunda was sworn in as the first Prime Minister of Northern Rhodesia.  
1962Cuba's membership in the Organization of American States (OAS) was suspended.  
1961Wilma Rudolph, set a world indoor record in the women’s 60-yard dash. She ran the race in 6.9 seconds.  
1959British world racing champion Mike Hawthorn was killed while driving on the Guildford bypass.  
1957Suspected "Mad Bomber" was arrested in Waterbury, CT. George P. Metesky was accused of planting more than 30 explosive devices in the New York City area.  
1957The Israeli army withdrew from the Sinai. They had invaded Egypt on October 29, 1956.  
1956Raymond Burr starred as Captain Lee Quince in the "Fort Laramie" debut on CBS radio.  
1953The Arthur Miller drama "The Crucible" opened on Broadway.  
1951Fidel Castro was ejected from a Winter League baseball game after hitting a batter. He later gave up baseball for politics.  
1950Alger Hiss, a former adviser to U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt, was convicted of perjury for denying contacts with a Soviet agent. He was sentenced to five years in prison.  
1947KTLA, Channel 5, in Hollywood, CA, began operation as the first commercial television station west of the Mississippi River.  
1944Allied forces began landing at Anzio, Italy, during World War II.  
1943All Japanese resistance in Papua, on the island of New Guinea, site of an important Allied base at Port Moresby in World War II, ceased.  
1941Britain captured Tobruk from German forces.  
1938"Our Town," by Thornton Wilder, was performed publicly for the first time, in Princeton, NJ.  
1936In Paris, Premier Pierre Laval resigned over diplomatic failure in the Ethiopian crisis.  
1924Ramsay MacDonald became Britain's first Labour Prime Minister.  
1917U.S. President Wilson pleaded for an end to war in Europe, calling for "peace without victory." America entered the war the following April.  
1905Insurgent workers were fired on in St Petersburg, Russia, resulting in "Bloody Sunday." 500 people were killed.  
1901Queen Victoria of England died after reigning for nearly 64 years. Edward VII, her son, succeeded her.  
1900Off of South Africa, the British released the German steamer Herzog, which had been seized on January 6.  
1895The National Association of Manufacturers was organized in Cincinnati, OH.  
1889The Columbia Phonograph Company was formed in Washington, DC.  
1879British troops were massacred by the Zulus at Isandhlwana.  
1879James Shields began a term as a U.S. Senator from Missouri. He had previously served Illinois and Minnesota. He was the first Senator to serve three states.  
1824The Asante army crushed British troops in the Gold Coast.  
1821Russian explorer Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen discovered Peter I Island, the first sighting of land within the Antarctic Circle. 
1789"The Power of Sympathy," by Philenia (Mrs. Sarah W.) Morton, was published in Boston, MA.  
1771The Falkland Islands were ceded to Britain by Spain.  
1666Shah Jahan, a descendant of Genghis Khan and Timur, died at the age of 74. He was the Mogul emperor of India that built the Taj Mahal as a mausoleum for his wife Mumtaz-i-Mahal.  
Asterisks (*) denotes birthday

Famous Birthdays
1987 - Robyn RichardsActress (General Hospital)
1981 - Willa FordSinger
1981 - Beverly MitchellActress
1981 - Ben MoodyRock Singer-Musician
1980 - Christopher Kennedy MastersonActor
1975 - Balthazar GettyActor
1965 - DJ Jazzy JeffActor-Rapper
1965 - Diane LaneActress (Perfect Storm)
1960 - Michael Kelland HutchenceAustralian Actor and Musician (Max Q)
1959 - Linda BlairActress (Excorsist)
1953 - Jim JarmuschMovie Director
1952 - Teddy GentryCountry Singer-Musician (Alabama)
1949 - Steve PerrySinger (Journey)
1940 - John HurtEnglish Actor
1937 - Joseph WambaughAmerican Writer
1935 - Sam CookeGospel R&B Singer-Songwrite
1935 - Seymour CasselActor
1934 - Bill BixbyActor
1932 - Piper LaurieActress
1909 - Ann SothernFilm and TV Actress
1904 - George BalanchineContemporary Choreographer
1875 - D.W. GriffithFilm Director
1561 - Sir Francis BaconPlaywrite

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