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 Encyclopaedia Britannica

*1978Louise Joy Brown, the first test-tube baby, was born in Oldham, England. She had been conceived through in-vitro fertilization.  
*1906Johnny Hodges, born this day in 1906 in Cambridge, Massachusetts, was an American jazz alto saxophonist and featured soloist in Duke Ellington's orchestra from 1928 until his death, except for the period 1951–55, when he led his own small ensemble. He applied precision and swing to a “sweet” tone and a brilliant improvisational sense of composition. 
*1844Thomas Eakins — who carried the tradition of 19th-century American realism to perhaps its highest achievement, exemplified by such works as The Gross Clinic (1875) and Between Rounds (1898–99)—was born this day in 1844. 
2000A supersonic Concorde crashed outside Paris, France, killing all 109 people aboard and 5 on the ground. 
1999Lance Armstrong won the Tour de France. He was only the second American to win the race. He won the race again in 2000.  
1998The USS Harry S. Truman was commissioned and put into service by the U.S. Navy.  
1998U.S. President Clinton was subpoenaed to appear before a federal grand jury regarding the Monica Lewinsky case. The subpoena was withdrawn when Clinton agreed to give videotaped testimony with his lawyers present.  
1997K.R. Narayanan became India's president. He was the first member of the Dalits caste to do so.  
1994Israel and Jordan formally ended the state of war that had existed between them since 1948.  
1987The Salt Lake City Trappers set a professional baseball record as the team won its 29th game in a row.  
1984Soviet cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya became the first woman to walk in space. She was aboard the orbiting space station Salyut 7.  
1978Pete Rose of the Cincinnati Red's broke the National League record for consecutive base hits as he got a hit in 38 straight games.  
1956The Italian liner Andrea Doria sank after colliding with the Swedish ship Stockholm off the New England coast. 51 people were killed.  
1952Puerto Rico attained its own government as a commonwealth of the United States.  
1947Fortune Gordien of Oslo, Norway set a world record discus throw of 178.47 feet.  
1946Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis staged their first show as a team at Club 500 in Atlantic City, NJ.  
1946The U.S. detonated an atomic bomb at Bikini Atoll in the Pacific. It was the first underwater test of the device.  
1943Italian Fascist dictator Benito Mussolini was overthrown in a coup.  
1941The U.S. government froze all Japanese and Chinese assets.  
1939W2XBS TV in New York City presented the first musical comedy seen on TV. The show was "Topsy and Eva".  
1934Austrian chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss was shot and killed by Nazis.  
1924Greece announced the deportation of 50,000 Armenians.  
1919A member of the foreign ministry of the newly formed Soviet government, Lev Karakhan, issued the Karakhan Manifesto, in which he offered to relinquish all Soviet claims to the special rights and privileges in China won by the Russian tsarist government.  
1914Russia declared that it would act to protect Serbian sovereignty.  
1909French aviator Louis Bleriot flew across the English Channel in a monoplane. He traveled from Calais to Dover in 37 minutes. He was the first man to fly across the channel.  
1907Korea became a protectorate of Japan.  
1898U.S. forces under General Nelson A. Miles invaded Puerto Rico during the Spanish-American War. 
1871Seth Wheeler patented perforated wrapping paper.  
1868The U.S. Congress passed an act creating the Wyoming Territory.  
1866Ulysses S. Grant was named General of the Army. He was the first American officer to hold the rank.  
1861The Crittenden Resolution, which called for the American Civil War to be fought to preserve the Union and not for slavery, was passed by the U.S. Congress.  
1854The paper collar was patented by Walter Hunt.  
1850Gold was discovered in the Rogue River in Oregon.  
1850In Worcester, MA, Harvard and Yale University freshmen met in the first intercollegiate billiards match.  
1845China granted Belgium equal trading rights with Britain, France and the United States.  
1834English Romantic poet and literary critic Samuel Taylor Coleridge died.  
1814British troops halt American advance into Canada. On this day, during the War of 1812, in the Battle of Lundy's Lane, British troops thwarted an invasion of Canada by a U.S. force commanded by General Jacob Brown. The U.S. troops, fresh from victory at the Battle of Chippewa on July 5, 1814, advanced on the British position established at Lundy's Lane (1.6 km [1 mile] west of Niagara Falls) by General Phineas Riall, and the battle began at 6 PM. For hours, each side hurled desperate charges against the other in the dusk and darkness. 
1805Aaron Burr visited New Orleans with plans to establish a new country, with New Orleans as the capital city.  
1799Napoleon Bonaparte defeated the Ottomans at Aboukir, Egypt.  
1759British forces defeated a French army at Fort Niagara in Canada.  
1593France's King Henry IV converted from Protestantism to Roman Catholicism.  
1587Japanese strong-man Hideyoshi banned Christianity in Japan and ordered all Christians to leave.  
1564Maximillian II became emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.  
1394Charles VI of France issued a decree for the general expulsion of Jews from France.  
326Constantine refused to carry out the traditional pagan sacrifices.  
Asterisks (*) denotes birthday

Famous Birthdays
1982 - Brad Renfro
1978 - Louise Brown
1967 - Matt LeBlanc
1954 - Walter Payton
1935 - Barbara Harris
1923 - Estelle Getty
1894 - Walter Brennan
1870 - Maxfield Parrish

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