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Today in History
4/19/2014
Famous Birthdays
Reference:
 Encyclopaedia Britannica

*1772English economist David Ricardo, who gave systematized and classical form to the rising social science of economics in the 19th century, is believed to have been born on or about this day. 
2002The USS Cole was relaunched. In Yemen, 17 sailors were killed when the ship was attacked by terrorists on October 12, 2000. The attack was blamed on Osama bin Laden's al-Qaida network. 
2000In the Philippines, Air Philippines GAP 541 crashed while preparing to land. 131 people were killed.  
2000Letters written by Greta Garbo were put on exhibit. The letters were made public ten years after Garbo's death.  
2000The Oklahoma City National Memorial was dedicated on the fifth anniversary of the bombing in Oklahoma that killed 168 people.  
1998Wang Dan, a leader of 1989 Tienanmen Square pro democracy protests, was freed by the Chinese government.  
1995The Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, OK, was destroyed by a bomb. It was the worst bombing on U.S. territory. 168 people were killed including 19 children, and 500 were injured. Timothy McVeigh was found guilty of the bombing on June 2, 1997.  
1995In what was the worst act of terrorism in U.S. history up to that time, a truck bomb nearly destroyed the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, killing 168 and injuring more than 500 people. 
1994A Los Angeles jury awarded $3.8 million to Rodney King for violation of his civil rights.  
1993The Branch-Davidianís compound in Waco, TX, burned to the ground. It was the end of a 51-day standoff between the cult and U.S. federal agents. 86 people were killed including 17 children. Nine of the Branch Davidians escaped the fire.  
1993After a 51-day standoff with U.S. federal agents, some 80 members of the millennialist Branch Davidian religious group perished in a fire at their compound near Waco, Texas. 
1989A giant asteroid passed within 500,000 miles of Earth.  
1989A gun turret exploded aboard the USS Iowa. 47 sailors were killed.  
1989In El Salvador, Attorney General Alvadora was killed by a car bomb.  
1987In Phoenix, AZ, skydiver Gregory Robertson went into a 200-mph free-fall to save an unconscious colleague 3,500 feet from the ground.  
1987The last California condor known to be in the wild was captured and placed in a breeding program at the San Diego Wild Animal Park.  
1982NASA named Sally Ride to be first woman astronaut.  
1977Alex Haley received a special Pulitzer Prize for his book "Roots."  
1975India launched its first satellite with aid from the USSR.  
1975Aryabhata, the first unmanned Earth satellite built by India, was launched from the Soviet Union by a Russian-made rocket. 
1971Russia launched the Salyut into orbit around Earth. It was the first space station.  
1967Surveyor 3 landed on the moon and began sending photos back to the U.S.  
1960Baseball uniforms began displaying player's names on their backs.  
1958The San Francisco Giants and the Los Angeles Dodgers played the first major league baseball game on the West Coast.  
1956American actress Grace Kelly married Prince Rainier of Monaco, becoming Princess Grace. 
1956Actress Grace Kelly became Princess Grace of Monaco when she married Prince Rainier III of Monaco. The civil ceremony took place on April 18.  
1951General Douglas MacArthur gave his "Old Soldiers" speech before the U.S. Congress. In the address General MacArthur said that "Old soldiers never die, they just fade away."  
1951Shigeki Tanaka won the Boston Marathon. Tanaka had survived the atomic blast at Hiroshima, Japan during World War II.  
1943The Warsaw Ghetto uprising against Nazi rule began. The Jews were able to fight off the Germans for 28 days.  
1943The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, an act of resistance by Polish Jews under Nazi occupation, began this day and was quelled four weeks later, on May 16. 
1939Connecticut approved the Bill of Rights for the U.S. Constitution after 148 years.  
1938General Francisco Franco declared victory in the Spanish Civil War.  
1933U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued a proclamation that removed the U.S. went off of the gold standard.  
1927In China, Hankow communists declared war on Chaing Kai-shek.  
1897The first annual Boston Marathon was held. It was the first of its type in the U.S.  
1892The Duryea gasoline buggy was introduced in the U.S. by Charles and Frank Duryea.  
1882English naturalist Charles Darwin, who died this day in 1882, had a revolutionary effect on modern society when he published his theory of evolution by natural selection in his book On the Origin of Species (1859). 
1861Thaddeus S. C. Lowe sailed 900 miles in nine hours in a hot air balloon.  
1861The Baltimore riots resulted in four Union soldiers and nine civilians killed.  
1861U.S. President Lincoln ordered a blockade of Confederate ports.  
1852The California Historical Society was founded.  
1839The Kingdom of Belgium was recognized by all the states of Europe when the Treaty of London was signed.  
1802The Spanish reopened the New Orleans port to American merchants.  
1794Tadeusz Kosciuszko forced the Russians out of Warsaw.  
1782The Netherlands recognized the new United States.  
1775The American Revolution began as fighting broke out at Lexington, MA.  
1775Launched this day in 1775 with the Battles of Lexington and Concord, the American Revolution was an effort by 13 British colonies in North America (with help from France, Spain, and the Netherlands) to win their independence. 
1770Captain James Cook discovered New South Wales, Australia. Cook originally named the land Point Hicks.  
1764The English Parliament banned the American colonies from printing paper money.  
1713Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI issued the Pragmatic Sanction, which gave women the rights of succession to Hapsburg possessions.  
1689Residents of Boston ousted their governor, Edmond Andros.  
1587English admiral Sir Francis Drake entered Cadiz harbor and sank the Spanish fleet.  
1539Emperor Charles V reached a truce with German Protestants at Frankfurt, Germany.  
1012Aelfheah was murdered by Danes who had been ravaging the south of England. Aelfhear became the 29th Archbishop of Canterbury in 1005.  
Asterisks (*) denotes birthday

Famous Birthdays
1987 - Maria Sharapova
1981 - Hayden Christensen
1979 - Kate Hudson
1970 - Luis Miguel Basteri
1968 - Ashley Judd
1966 - Suge Knight
1962 - Al Unser, Jr.
1949 - Paloma Picasso
1946 - Tim Curry
1935 - Dudley Moore
1933 - Jayne Mansfield
1925 - Hugh OBrian

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