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 Encyclopaedia Britannica

*1774Caspar David Friedrich, a pioneering early 19th-century German Romantic painter, was born. 
2003In London, magician David Blaine entered a clear plastic box and then suspended by a crane over the banks of the Thames River. He remained there until October 19 surviving only on water. 
2002In Kabul, Afghanistan, a car bomb killed at least 15 people.  
2002In Kandahar, Afghanistan, President Hamid Karzai was unhurt in an assassination attempt. Kandahar governor Gul Agha Sherzai was wounded in the attack. Karzai's American body guards returned fire and killed three people.  
2001Fox News Channel terminated Paula Zahn for breach of contract.  
2001Peru's attorney general filed homicide charges against ex-President Alberto Fujimori. Fujimori was linked to two massacres by paramilitary death squads. At the time of the charges Fujimori was in exile in Japan.  
2001Evidence provided for black hole theory. At a scientific conference in Washington, D.C., this day in 2001, scientists described an observation of energy flares that provided strong evidence of the theorized black hole at the centre of the Milky Way Galaxy. 
2000Mark Bailey, 42, pled no contest to stalking and terrorizing Brooke Shields for the last 15 years. Baily was sentenced to probation and counseling after he agreed to stay away from Shields for the next 10 years.  
1997Mother Teresa died in Calcutta, India, at the age of 87.  
1996The play "Summer and Smoke" opened at the Criterion Theatre.  
1995France set off an underground nuclear blast in the South Pacific.  
1992A General Motors Corporation strike ended with a new agreement being approved. Nearly 43,000 workers were on strike.  
1991In the trial of former Panamanian ruler Manuel Noriega jury selection began.  
1991Soviet lawmakers created an interim government to usher in the confederation after dissolving the U.S.S.R. The new name the Union of Sovereign States was taken.  
1990Iraqi President Saddam Hussein urged for a Holy War against the West and former allies.  
1989Chris Evert retired from professional tennis after a 19 year career.  
1989Deborah Norville became the news anchor of the "Today" show.  
1986A Pan Am jumbo jet carrying 358 people was hijacked at Karachi Airport. When security forces stormed the plane 21 people were killed and dozens were wounded.  
1986Merv Griffin aired his final program for Metromedia Television after 23 years on various talk shows.  
1986NASA launched DOD-1.  
1985Rioting in South Africa spilled into white neighborhoods for the first time.  
1984Mortimer Zuckerman purchased the newsmagazine, "U.S. News & World Report" for $163 million.  
1984The space shuttle Discovery landed after its maiden voyage.  
1983"Sports Illustrated" became the first national weekly magazine to use four-color process illustrations on every page.  
1983The "MacNeil/Lehrer NewsHour" on PBS (Public Broadcasting System) became the first hour-long network news show.  
1983U.S. President Reagan denounced the Soviet Union for shooting down a Korean Air Lines. Reagan demanded that the Soviet Union pay reparations for the act that killed 269 people.  
1982Eddie Hill set a propeller-driven boat water speed record when he reached 229 mph.  
1980The St. Gothard Tunnel opened in Switzerland. It is the world's longest highway tunnel at 10.14 miles long.  
1977The U.S. launched Voyager .  
1975A Secret Service agent foiled an assassination attempt against U.S. U.S. President Gerald R. Ford. Lynette A. "Squeaky" Fromme was a follower of Charles Manson, who was incarcerated at the time. 17 days later, Sara Jane Moore attempted to assassinate Ford.  
1972Arab guerrillas attacked the Israeli delegation at the Munich Olympic games. 11 members of the Israeli Olympic team, five guerrillas and a police officer were killed in the siege.  
1972Palestinian terrorists attacked the Olympic Village in Munich, West Germany, during the Summer Olympic Games, taking hostage and eventually killing 11 members of the Israeli team. 
1971J.R. Richard, of the Houston Astros, tied Karl Spooner’s record when he struck out 15 batters in his major-league baseball debut.  
1961The U.S. government made airline hijacking a federal offense.  
1960Cassius Clay of Louisville, KY won the gold medal in light heavyweight boxing at the Olympic Games in Rome, Italy. Clay later changed his name to Muhammad Ali.  
1958Boris Pasternak's "Doctor Zhivago" was published for the first time in the U.S.  
1958The first color videotaped program was aired. It was "The Betty Freezor Show" on WBTV-TV in Charlotte, NC.  
1957Jack Kerouac's "On the Road" was first published.  
195620 people were killed in a train crash in Springer, NM.  
1953The first privately operated atomic reactor opened in Raleigh, NC.  
1945Iva Toguri D'Aquino was arrested. D'Aquino was suspected of being the wartime radio propagandist "Tokyo Rose". She served six years before being pardoned by U.S. President Ford.  
1939The U.S. proclaimed its neutrality in World War II.  
1938The NBC Red network broadcast "Life Can Be Beautiful" for the first time.  
1930Charles Creighton and James Hagris completed the drive from New York City to Los Angeles and back to New York City all in reverse gear. The trip took 42 days in their 1929 Ford Model A.  
1917Federal raids were carried out in 24 cities on International Workers of the World (IWW) headquarters. The raids were prompted by suspected anti-war activities within the labor organization.  
1914Babe Ruth hit his first home run as a professional player in the International League.  
1914The Battle of the Marne began. The Germans, British and French fought for six days killing half a million people.  
1906Bradbury Robinson executed the first legal forward pass in football. Robinson threw the ball to Jack Schneider of St. Louis University in a game against Carroll College.  
1905The Treaty of Portsmouth was signed by Russia and Japan to end the Russo-Japanese War. The settlement was mediated by U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt in New Hampshire.  
1901The National Association of Professional Baseball Leagues was formed in Chicago, IL. It was the first organized baseball league.  
1900France proclaimed a protectorate over Chad.  
1885Jake Gumper bought the first gasoline pump to be manufactured in the U.S.  
1882The first Labor Day parade was held in New York City in honour of the American worker. 
1881The American Red Cross provided relief for disaster for the first time. The disaster was the Great Fire of 1881 in Michigan.  
1877The Sioux Indian chief Crazy Horse, who died this day in 1877 during a scuffle with soldiers trying to imprison him, was a leader of the Sioux resistance to the invasion of America's northern Great Plains by whites. 
1836Sam Houston was elected as the first president of the Republic of Texas.  
1836Sam Houston was elected president of the Republic of Texas. 
1793In France, the "Reign of Terror" began. The National Convention enacted measures to repress the French Revolutionary activities.  
1774The first session of the U.S. Continental Congress convenes in Philadelphia. The delegates drafted a declaration of rights and grievances, organized the Continental Association, and elected Peyton Randolph as the first president of the Continental Congress.  
1725Marie Leszczynska of Poland was married to King Louis XV of France. 
1698Russia's Peter the Great imposed a tax on beards.  
Asterisks (*) denotes birthday

Famous Birthdays
1991 - Skandar KeynesActor
1990 - Kim Yu-naOlympic Gold Medal Figure Skater
1986 - Andrew DucoteActor
1973 - Rose McGowanActress
1969 - Dweezil ZappaTV Personality
1963 - Terry EllisRythm-and-Blues Singer
1962 - Dorothy L CoatsMy Sister
1956 - Debbie Turner-LarsonActress ("Marta" in the Sound of Music)
1951 - Michael KeatonActor
1951 - Jamie OldakerCountry Musician (The Tracktos)
1950 - Cathy Guisewite"Cathy" cartoonist
1946 - Freddie MercurySinger (Queen)
1946 - Loudon Wainwright III
1945 - Al StewartSinger
1942 - Werner HerzogMovie Director
1940 - Raquel WelchActress
1939 - George LazenbyActor
1939 - William DevaneActor
1932 - Carol LawrenceActress-Singer
1929 - Bob NewhartComedian-Actor
1927 - Paul A. VolckerFormer Federal Reserve Board Chariman
1912 - John Cage
1847 - Jesse JamesOld West Outlaw

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