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Today in History
Famous Birthdays
 Encyclopaedia Britannica

*1887Soldier and statesman Chiang Kai-shek, head of the Nationalist government in China from 1928 to 1949 and subsequently head of the Chinese Nationalist government-in-exile on Taiwan, was born. 
TodayAlthough Halloween, celebrated this day, is now observed largely as a secular holiday, it is, as the eve of All Saints' Day, also a religious holiday among some Christians. 
2001Microsoft and the U.S. Justice Department reached a tentative agreement to settle the antitrust case againt the software company. 
1999EgyptAir Flight 990 crashed off the coast of Nantucket, MA, killing all 217 people aboard.  
1999Leaders from the Roman Catholic Church and the Lutheran Church signed the Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification. The event ended a centuries-old doctrinal dispute over the nature of faith and salvation.  
1998Iraq announced that it was halting all dealings with U.N. arms inspectors. The inspectors were investigating the country's weapons of mass destruction stemming from Iraq's invasion of Kuwait in 1990.  
1997Louise Woodward, British au pair, was sentenced to life in prison after being convicted of second-degree murder in the death of 8-month-old Matthew Eappen. She was released after her sentence was reduced to manslaughter.  
199468 people were killed when an American Eagle ATR-72, plunged into a northern Indiana farm.  
1993River Phoenix died at the age of 23 after collapsing outside The Viper Room in Hollywood.  
1993The play "Wonderful Tennessee" closed after only 9 performances.  
1992In Liberia, it was announced that five American nuns had been killed near Monrovia. Rebels loyal to Charles Taylor were blamed for the murders.  
1984Indira Gandhi, the four-term prime minister of India (196677; 198084) and daughter of independent India's first prime minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, was assassinated this day in 1984 by two of her own Sikh bodyguards. 
1983The U.S. Defense Department acknowledged that during the U.S. led invasion of Grenada, that a U.S. Navy plane had mistakenly bombed a civilian hospital.  
1968U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson ordered a halt to all U.S. bombing of North Vietnam.  
1968U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson ordered an end to American bombing in North Vietnam. 
1961In the Soviet Union, the body of Joseph Stalin was removed from Lenin's Tomb where it was on public display.  
1959Lee Harvey Oswald, a former U.S. Marine from Fort Worth, TX, announced that he would never return to the U.S. At the time he was in Moscow, Russia.  
1956Rear Admiral G.J. Dufek become the first person to land an airplane at the South Pole. Dufek also became the first person to set foot on the South Pole.  
1955Britain's Princess Margaret announced she would not marry Royal Air Force Captain Peter Townsend.  
1954The Algerian National Liberation Front (FLN) began a revolt against French rule.  
1952The U.S. detonated its first hydrogen bomb.  
1941Mount Rushmore was declared complete after 14 years of work. At the time the 60-foot busts of U.S. Presidents George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt and Abraham Lincoln were finished.  
1941The U.S. Navy destroyer Reuben James was torpedoed by a German submarine near Iceland. The U.S. had not yet entered World War II. More than 100 men were killed.  
1940The British air victory in the Battle of Britain prevented Germany from invading Britain.  
1926Magician Harry Houdini died of gangrene and peritonitis resulting from a ruptured appendix. His appendix had been damaged twelve days earlier when he had been punched in the stomach by a student unexpectedly. During a lecture Houdini had commented on the strength of his stomach muscles and their ability to withstand hard blows.  
1922Benito Mussolini became prime minister of Italy.  
1914The Ottoman Empire (Turkey) joined the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Bulgaria).  
1887Nationalist Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek was born. He was the first constitutional President of the Republic of China.  
1868Postmaster General Alexander Williams Randall approved a standard uniform for postal carriers.  
1864Nevada became the 36th state to join the U.S.  
1860Juliette Low, the founder off the Girl Scouts, was born.  
1517Luther's Ninety-five Theses posted. According to tradition, Martin Luther this day in 1517 posted on a church door in Wittenberg, Germany, his Ninety-five Theses, a manifesto that turned a protest about an indulgence scandal into the Protestant Reformation. 
Asterisks (*) denotes birthday

Famous Birthdays
2000 - Willow SmithActress-Singer
1966 - Adam Horovitz
1964 - Rob SchneiderActor
1961 - Peter Jackson
1961 - Larry Mullen, Jr.
1950 - John Candy
1950 - Jane Pauley
1947 - Deidre Hall
1942 - David Ogden Stiers
1936 - Michael Landon
1931 - Dan Rather
1927 - Lee GrantActress
1922 - Barbara Bel Geddes
1912 - Dale Evans
1896 - Ethel Waters
1887 - Chiang Kai-Shek
1860 - Juliette Low
1795 - John Keats
1632 - Jan Vermeer

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