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 Encyclopaedia Britannica

*1870Vladimir Ilich Lenin—who founded the Bolshevik political faction (1912–17), inspired and led the Bolshevik Revolution (1917), headed (1917–24) the Soviet state, and founded the organization known as the Comintern (Communist International)—was born.  
*1724German philosopher Immanuel Kant was born in Königsberg, Prussia (now Kaliningrad, Russia).  

Earth Day is a day of hope that energizes people around the world. It brings communities together to confront the spectre of disappearing rainforests and a warming climate. It's a day that celebrates the advance of green innovations.
2005Zacarias Moussaoui plead guilty to conspiring with hijackers in the September 11, 2001, plot to attack American buildings and citizens. 
2002Filippino President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo ordered a state of emergency in the city of General Santos in response to a series of bombing attacks the day before. The attacks were blamed on Muslim extremists.  
2000ABC-TV aired a small portion of the Clinton-DiCaprio interview.  
2000Elian Gonzalez was reunited with his father. He had to be taken from his Miami relatives by U.S. agents in a predawn raid.  
1999The Watson Family received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.  
199793 people are killed in the insurgency of extremist Muslims that continued in Algeria in a town south of Algiers.  
1997In Lima, Peru government commandos storm and capture the residence of the Japanese ambassador ending a 126-day hostage crisis. In the rescue 71 hostages were saved. Those killed: one hostage (of a heart attack), two soldiers, and all 14 rebels.  
1994Former U.S. president Richard M. Nixon died.  
1993The U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum was dedicated in Washington, DC.  
1987The American Physical Society said that the "Star Wars" missile system was "highly questionable" and would take ten years to research.  
1976Barbara Walters became first female nightly network news anchor.  
1970The first "Earth Day" was observed by millions of Americans.  
1967Randy Matson set a new world record with a shot put toss of 71 feet, and 5 1/2 inches in College Station, TX.  
1954The U.S. Senate Army-McCarthy televised hearings began.  
1952An atomic test conducted in Nevada was the first nuclear explosion shown on live network television.  
1944During World War II, the Allies launched a major attack against the Japanese in Hollandia, New Guinea.  
1931Egypt signed the treaty of friendship with Iraq.  
1931James G. Ray landed an autogyro on the lawn of the White House.  
1930The U.S., Britain and Japan signed the London Naval Treaty, which regulated submarine warfare and limited shipbuilding.  
1918British naval forces attempted to sink block-ships in the German U-boat bases at the Battle of Zeeburgge.  
1915At the Second Battle Ypres the Germans became the first country to use poison gas.  
1915The New York Yankees wore pinstripes and the hat-in-the-ring logo for the first time.  
1915During World War I, German forces introduced the systematized use of chemical warfare when they released chlorine gas along a 4-mile (6-km) front at the Second Battle of Ypres.  
1914Babe Ruth made his pitching debut with the Baltimore Orioles.  
1898The first shot of the Spanish-American war occurred when the USS Nashville captured a Spanish merchant ship.  
1889At noon, the Oklahoma land rush officially started as thousands of Americans raced for new, unclaimed land.  
1889At noon, by federal decree, white settlers were allowed into Indian Territory, sparking a land rush involving tens of thousands in what became Oklahoma Territory.  
1876Eight baseball teams began the inaugural season of the National League.  
1864The U.S. Congress mandated that all coins minted as U.S. currency bear the inscription "In God We Trust".  
1861Robert E. Lee was named commander of Virginia forces.  
1792U.S. President George Washington proclaimed American neutrality in the war in Europe.  
1745The Peace of Fussen was signed, restoring the status quo of Germany.  
1616Spanish author Miguel de Cervantes, who died this day in Madrid in 1616, has long been regarded as the most important figure in Spanish letters, largely for his novel Don Quixote, a classic of Western literature.  
1529Spain and Portugal divided the eastern hemisphere in Treaty of Saragosa.  
1509Henry VIII ascended to the throne of England upon the death of his father Henry VII.  
1500Portuguese navigator Pedro Alvares Cabral discovered Brazil.  
1500On this day in 1500, Portuguese explorer Pedro Álvares Cabral, while on a voyage tracing Vasco da Gama's 1497–99 water route to India, sighted the mainland of South America near the present-day city of Pôrto Seguro, Brazil.  
1370Construction began on the Bastille, the medieval fortress that came to symbolize French despotism.  
1073Gregory VII (later canonized) was elected by acclamation to succeed Alexander II as pope.  
Asterisks (*) denotes birthday

Famous Birthdays
1986 - Amber HeardActress
1984 - Michelle RyanActress
1979 - Daniel Johns
1978 - Kim Elizabeth
1971 - Kellie CoffeyCountry Singer
1971 - Eric MablusActor
1971 - Ingo RademacherActor
1967 - Sherri ShepherdActress-talk show host
1964 - Chris MakepeaceActor
1961 - Byron AllenComedian
1954 - Joseph BottomsActor
1951 - Paul CarrackMusician (Mike and the Mechanics)
1950 - Peter Frampton
1946 - John WatersMovie Director
1943 - Mel CarterSinger
1943 - Janet EvanovichAuthor
1937 - Jack Nicholson
1936 - Glen Campbell
1932 - Estelle HarrisActress
1928 - Aaron Spelling
1926 - Charlotte ReaActress
1925 - George ColeActor
1916 - Yehudi Menuhin
1906 - Eddie Albert
1870 - Vladimir Ilyich Lenin

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