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Famous Birthdays
 Encyclopaedia Britannica

*1747John Paul Jones, born this day in 1747 in Scotland, was a naval hero in the American Revolution, renowned for his victory over British battleships off the eastern coast of England on September 23, 1779. 
2000A jury awarded former NHL player Tony Twist $24 million for the unauthorized use of his name in the comic book Spawn and the HBO cartoon series. Co-defendant HBO settled with Twist out of court for an undisclosed amount. 
2000In Orlando, FL, the body of Cory Erving was found in his vehicle in a pond near his families home. Julius "Dr. J" Erving had reported his son missing on June 4, 2000.  
1998Protestants rioted in many parts of Northern Ireland after British authorities blocked an Orange Order march in Portadown.  
1997In Cambodia, Second Prime Minister Hun Sen ousted First Prime Minister Norodom Ranariddh and claimed to have the capital under his control.  
1997The Mars Pathfinder released Sojourner, a robot rover on the surface of Mars. The spacecraft landed on the red planet on July 4th.  
1996Steffi Graf won her seventh Wimbledon title.  
1995In Los Angeles, the prosecution rested at the O.J. Simpson murder trial.  
1994On Storm King Mountain, in Colorado, 14 firefighters were killed while fighting a several-day-old fire.  
1989The U.S. Army destroyed its last Pershing 1-A missiles at an ammunition plant in Karnack, TX. The dismantling was under the terms of the 1987 Intermediate-range Nuclear Forces Treaty.  
1988167 North Sea oil workers were killed by explosions and fires that destroyed the Piper Alpha drilling platform.  
1988Several popular beaches were closed in New York City due to medical waste and other debris began washing up on the seashores.  
1987Sikh extremists made their first of three attacks over a two day period. The gunmen attacked a bus loaded with Hindu passengers. Over the two day period a total of 72 people were killed by the extremists.  
1985Martina Navratilova won her 4th consecutive Wimbledon singles title.  
1985The submarine Nautilus arrived in Groton, Connecticut. The vessel had been towed from Mare Island Naval Shipyard.  
1983Fred Lynn of the California Angels hit the first grand slam in an All-Star game. The American League defeated the National League 13-3.  
1983The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that retirement plans could not pay women smaller monthly payments solely because of their gender.  
1981The Dupont Company announced an agreement to purchase Conoco, Inc. (Continental Oil Co.) for $7 billion. At the time it was the largest merger in corporate history.  
1967The Biafran War erupted. The war lasted two-and-a-half years. About 600,000 people died.  
1966Malawi became a republic within the Commonwealth with Dr. Hastings Banda as its first president.  
1964Nyasaland broke from British rule and became the independent country of Malawi within the Commonwealth of Nations. 
1957Tennis player Althea Gibson became the first black to win the Wimbledon singles championship with her defeat of Darlene Hard.  
1948Frieda Hennok became the first woman to serve as the commissioner of the Federal Communications Commission.  
1947"Candid Microphone" began airing on ABC radio.  
1945Nicaragua became the first nation to formally accept the United Nations Charter.  
1945U.S. President Truman signed an order creating the Medal of Freedom.  
1944A fire broke out in the main tent of the Ringling Brother, Barnum and Bailey Circus. 169 people died.  
1942Diarist Anne Frank and her family took refuge from the Nazis in Amsterdam.  
1933The first All-Star baseball game was held in Chicago. The American League beat the National League 4-2.  
1932The postage rate for first class mail in the U.S. went from 2-cents to 3-cents.  
1928"The Lights of New York" was previewed in New York's Strand Theatre. It was the first all-talking movie.  
1928The first full-length all-talking motion picture, Lights of New York, premiered in New York City. 
1923The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was established.  
1919A British dirigible landed in New York at Roosevelt Field. It completed the first crossing of the Atlantic Ocean by an airship.  
1917During World War I, Arab forces led by T.E. Lawrence captured the port of Aqaba from the Turks.  
1905Fingerprints were exchanged for the first time between officials in Europe and the U.S. The person in question was John Walker.  
1893In northwest Iowa 71 people were killed by a tornado.  
1885Louis Pasteur successfully tested his anti-rabies vaccine. The child used in the test later became the director of the Pasteur Institute.  
1858Lyman Blake patented the shoe manufacturing machine.  
1854In Jackson, MI, the Republican Party held its first convention.  
1777British General John Burgoyne captured Fort Ticonderoga from the Americans during the American Revolution. 
1699Captain William Kidd, the pirate, was captured in Boston, MA, and deported back to England.  
1535Sir Thomas More was executed in England for treason.  
1483King Richard III of England was crowned.  
1415Jan Hus burned at the stake. Czech religious reformer Jan Hus, whose criticisms of the church anticipated the Reformation by more than a century, was convicted of heresy at the Council of Constance and, on this day in 1415, was burned at the stake. 
Asterisks (*) denotes birthday

Famous Birthdays
1990 - Jeremy SuarezActor
1987 - Matthew OLeary
1983 - Gregory Smith
1978 - Tia and Tamera Mowry
1976 - 50 Cent
1958 - Jennifer Saunders
1951 - Geoffrey Rush
1946 - George W. Bush
1946 - Sylvester Stallone
1945 - Burt Ward
1937 - Ned Beatty
1935 - Dalai Lama
1932 - Della Reese
1927 - Janet Leigh
1925 - Merv Griffin
1925 - Bill Haley
1922 - William Schallert
1921 - Nancy Reagan
1915 - Laverne Andrews
1907 - Frida Kahlo
1747 - John Paul Jones

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