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Today in History
Famous Birthdays
 Encyclopaedia Britannica

*1929Born this day in 1929, labour leader Robert Hawke was president of the Australian Council of Trade Unions and president of the Australian Labor Party before serving as prime minister of Australia from 1983 to 1991. 
*1906Grace Murray Hopper was born on this day in 1906 and was an American computer scientist and United States Navy rear admiral. A pioneer in the field, she was one of the first programmers of the Harvard Mark I computer, and developed the first compiler for a computer programming language. 
*1848American author and creator of "Uncle Remus and Brer Rabbit," Joel Chandler Harris was born.  
*1608English poet John Milton was born in London.  
*1594Gustavus II of Sweden was born.  
2003In Australia, thieves broke into a home and stole two 300-year-old etchings by Rembrandt. The 4-by-4-inch etchings, a self-portait and a depiction of the artist's mother, were valued around $518,000. 
2002United Airlines filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy after losing $4 billion in the previos two years. It was the sixth largest bankruptcy filing.  
1999The U.S. announced that it was expelling a Russian diplomat that had been caught gathering information with an eavesdropping device at the U.S. State Department.  
1998The United Nations General Assembly declared anti-Semitism a form of racism. 
1996UN Secretary General Boutros-Ghali approved a deal allowing Iraq to resume its exports of oil and easing the UN trade embargo imposed on Iraq in 1990.  
1994Representatives of the Irish Republican Army and the British government opened peace talks in Northern Ireland.  
1994U.S. President Clinton fired Surgeon General Joycelyn Elders after learning that she had told a conference that masturbation should be discussed in school as a part of human sexuality.  
1993Astronauts aboard the space shuttle Endeavor completed repairs to the Hubble Space Telescope.  
1993At Princeton University in New Jersey, scientists produced a controlled fusion reaction equivalent to 3 million watts.  
1993The U.S. Air Force destroyed the first of 500 Minuteman II missile silos that were marked for elimination under an arms control treaty.  
1992Britain's Prince Charles and Princess Diana announced their separation.  
1992Clair George, former CIA spy chief, was convicted of lying to the U.S. Congress about the Iran-Contra affair. U.S. President George Bush later pardoned George.  
1992U.S. troops arrived in Mogadishu, Somalia, to oversee delivery of international food aid, in operation 'Restore Hope'.  
1991European Community leaders agreed to begin using a single currency in 1999.  
1990Lech Walesa won Poland's first direct presidential election in the country's history.  
1990The first American hostages to be released by Iraq began arriving in the U.S.  
1990Slobodan Miloševic was reelected president of Serbia at the head of the Socialist Party, formerly the League of Communists of Serbia (LCS). This was Serbia's first free elections in 50 years.  
1990Lech Walesa elected president of Poland. On this day in 1990, Lech Walesa—who had led Solidarity, Poland's first independent trade union, and had received the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1983—won Poland's first direct presidential election by a landslide. 
1987In the Gaza Strip, an Israeli patrol attacked the Jabliya refugee camp.  
1987West Bank Palestinians launched an intifada (uprising) against Israeli occupation.  
1985In Argentina, five former military junta members received sentences in prison for their roles in the "dirty war" in which nearly 9,000 people had "disappeared."  
1984Iranian security men seized control of the plane ending a five-day hijacking of a Kuwaiti jetliner, which was parked at the Tehran airport.  
1983NATO foreign ministers called on the Soviet Union to join in a "comprehensive political dialogue" to ease tensions in the world.  
1978The first game of the Women's Pro Basketball League (WBL) was played between the Chicago Hustle and the Milwaukee Does.  
1975U.S. President Gerald R. Ford signed a $2.3 billion seasonal loan authorization to prevent New York City from having to default.  
1965Nikolai V. Podgorny replaced Anastas I. Mikoyan as president of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet.  
1962"Lawrence of Arabia," by David Lean had its world premiere in London.  
1961Tanganyika became independent, with Julius Nyerere as its first prime minister, and in 1964 the territory united with the island of Zanzibar to form Tanzania. 
1960Sperry Rand Corporation unveiled a new computer, known as "Univac 1107."  
1960The first episode of "Coronation Street" was screened on ITV.  
1958In Indianapolis, IN, Robert H.W. Welch Jr. and 11 other men met to form the anti-Communist John Birch Society.  
1955Sugar Ray Robinson knocked out Carl Olson and regained his world middleweight boxing title.  
1942The Aram Khachaturian ballet "Gayane" was first performed by the Kirov Ballet.  
1941China declared war on Japan, Germany and Italy.  
1940During World War II, British troops opened their first major offensive in North Africa.  
1940The Longines Watch Company signed for the first FM radio advertising contract with experimental station W2XOR in New York City.  
1926The United States Golf Association legalized the use of steel-shafted golf clubs.  
1917Turkish troops surrendered Jerusalem to British troops led by Viscount Allenby.  
1914The Edison Phonograph Works was destroyed by fire.  
1907Christmas Seals went on sale for the first time, in the Wilmington, DE, post office.  
1892In London, "Widowers' Houses," George Bernard Shaw's first play, opened at the Royalty Theater.  
1884Levant M. Richardson received a patent for the ball-bearing roller skate.  
1879Thomas Edison organized the Edison Ore Milling Company.  
1854Alfred Lord Tennyson's poem, "The Charge of the Light Brigade," was published in England.  
1824Revolutionary forces under the leadership of Venezuelan Antonio José de Sucre defeated the Spanish royal army at the Battle of Ayacucho. 
1803The 12th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was passed by the U.S. Congress. With the amendment Electors were directed to vote for a President and for a Vice-President rather than for two choices for President.  
1793"The American Minerva" was published for the first time. It was the first daily newspaper in New York City and was founded by Noah Webster.  
1783The first executions at Newgate Prison took place.  
1625The Treaty of the Hague was signed by England and the Netherlands. The agreement was to subsidize Christian IV of Denmark in his campaign in Germany.  
Asterisks (*) denotes birthday

Famous Birthdays
1974 - Emjay
1972 - Tre Cool
1970 - David Kersh
1969 - Jakob Dylan
1968 - Kurt Angle
1962 - Felicity Huffman
1957 - Donny Osmond
1953 - John Malkovich
1952 - Michael DornActor
1950 - Joan ArmatradingSinger
1949 - Tom KiteGolf Hall Of Famer
1942 - Joe McGinnissAuthor
1942 - Dick Butkus
1941 - Beau Bridges
1934 - Dame Judi DenchActress
1930 - Buck Henry
1928 - Dick Van Patten
1925 - Dina Merrill
1922 - Redd Foxx
1916 - Kirk Douglas
1909 - Douglas Fairbanks, Jr.
1906 - Grace Murray HopperComputer Scientist (Navy R.A)
1902 - Margaret Hamilton
1898 - Emmett Kelly
1608 - John Milton

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