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Famous Birthdays
 Encyclopaedia Britannica

*1924Politician Shirley Chisholm, the first African American woman to be elected to the U.S. Congress, was born. 
*1874British statesman, orator, and author Sir Winston Churchill was born in Oxfordshire, England. 
*1835Samuel Langhorne Clemens was born. He wrote "Tom Sawyer" and "Huckleberry Finn" under the name Mark Twain.  
*1835American writer Mark Twain, born this day in 1835, won worldwide acclaim for his stories of youthful adventures, especially The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, Life on the Mississippi, and The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. 
2004In Stockholm, Sweden, the Carl Larsson painting "Boenskoerd" ("Bean Harvest") was sold at auction for $730,000. The work had been in a private collection for more than a century. The Larsson work "Vid Kattegatt" ("By Kattegatt") sold for $640,000 at the same auction. 
2001For the first time in its history, McDonald's teamed up with a retail partner on its Happy Meal promotions. Toys R Us provided plush figures from its Animal Alley.  
2001In Seattle, WA, Gary Leon Ridgeway was arrested for four of the Green River serial killings. He was pled innocent on December 18, 2001.  
2000David Spade was assaulted with a stun gun by his longtime personal assistant, David Warren Malloy. Malloy attacked Spade during a burglary of Spade's home in Beverly Hills.  
1998The Deutsche Bank AG announced that it would acquire Bankers Trust Corp. for $10.1 billion creating the world's largest financial institution.  
1996A block of gray sandstone known as the Stone of Scone was returned to Scotland, 700 years after it had been taken to England as war booty by King Edward I.  
1995President Clinton became the first U.S. chief executive to visit Northern Ireland.  
1993Richard Allen Davis was arrested by authorities in California. Davis confessed to abducting and slaying 12-year-old Polly Klaas of Petaluma.  
1993U.S. President Clinton signed into law the Brady Bill. The bill required a five-day waiting period for handgun purchases and background checks of prospective buyers.  
1989Alfred Herrhausen was killed in a bombing. The Red Army Faction claimed responsibility of killing Herrhausen the chairman of West Germany's largest bank.  
1989PLO leader Yasser Arafat was refused a visa to enter the United States in order to address the U.N. General Assebly in New York City.  
1988Kohlberg Kravis Roberts and Co. took over RJR Nabisco Inc. with a bid of $24.53 billion.  
1986"Time" magazine published an interview with U.S. President Reagan. In the article, Reagan described fired national security staffer Oliver North as a "national hero."  
1982The motion picture "Ghandi" had its world premiere in New Delhi.  
1981The U.S. and the Soviet Union opened negotiations in Geneva that were aimed at reducing nuclear weapons in Europe.  
1971ABC-TV aired "Brian's Song." The movie was about Chicago Bears' Brian Picolo and his friendship with Gale Sayers.  
1967Julie Nixon and David Eisenhower announced their engagement.  
1966Independence of Barbados. Barbados, an island nation in the Caribbean situated about 100 miles (160 km) east of the Windward Islands, had gained internal self-rule in 1961 and achieved its full independence from Britain on this day in 1966. 
1962U Thant of Burma was elected secretary-general of the United Nations, succeeding the late Dag Hammarskjold.  
1956CBS replayed the program "Douglas Edward and the News" three hours after it was received on the West Coast. It was the world's first broadcast via videotape.  
1954In Sylacauga, AL, Elizabeth Hodges was injured when a meteorite crashed through the roof of her house. The rock weighed 8˝-pounds.  
1949Chinese Communists captured Chungking.  
1940Lucille Ball and Cuban musician Desi Arnaz were married.  
1939After Finland refused to grant the Soviet Union a naval base and other concessions in the fall of 1939, Soviet troops totaling about one million men attacked Finland on several fronts, initiating the Russo-Finnish War.  
1936London's famed Crystal Palace was destroyed in a fire. The structure had been constructed for the International Exhibition of 1851.  
1908The United States and Japan signed the Root-Takahira Agreement, which averted a drift toward possible war through the mutual acknowledgment of certain international policies and spheres of influence in the Pacific. 
1897Thomas Edison's own motion picture projector had its first commercial exhibition.  
1875A.J. Ehrichson patented the oat-crushing machine.  
1853During the Crimean War, the Russian fleet attacked and destroyed the Turkish fleet at the battle of Sinope.  
1838Three days after the French occupation of Vera Cruz Mexico declared war on France.  
1804U.S. Supreme Court Justice Samuel Chase went on trial accused of political bias. He was later acquitted by the U.S. Senate.  
1803Spain completed the process of ceding Louisiana to France.  
1782Britain and the United States signed the preliminary articles of the Treaty of Paris as part of the Peace of Paris, a collection of treaties concluding the American Revolution. 
1718Charles XII, king of Sweden, was killed during a siege of the fortress of Fredriksten, east of Oslo Fjord, ending Sweden's “Age of Greatness.” 
17008,000 Swedish troops under King Charles XII defeated an army of at least 50,000 Russians at the Battle of Narva. King Charles XII died on this day.  
1016English King Edmund II died.  
Asterisks (*) denotes birthday

Famous Birthdays
1992 - Alexandrea M Coats
1985 - Kaley Cuoco
1982 - Elisha Cuthbert
1978 - Clay Aiken
1970 - Sandra OhActress
1965 - Ben Stiller
1962 - Bo Jackson
1955 - Billy Idol
1953 - Shuggie Otis
1952 - Mandy Patinkin
1947 - David Mamet
1937 - Ridley ScottMovie Director
1936 - Abbie Hoffman
1930 - G. Gordon Liddy
1929 - Dick Clark
1927 - Robert Guillaume
1926 - Richard Crenna
1924 - Shirley Chisholm
1923 - Efrem Zimbalist, Jr.
1912 - Gordon Parks
1907 - Jacques BarzumHistorian
1874 - Winston Churchill
1835 - Mark Twain
1667 - Jonathan Swift

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