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Today in History
Famous Birthdays
 Encyclopaedia Britannica

*1917Born this day in 1917, Dizzy Gillespie, an American trumpeter, composer, and bandleader, helped to found the modern jazz style known as bebop, but his improvisations also influenced later jazz trumpeters such as Miles Davis. 
2003North Korea rejected U.S. President Bush's offer of a written pledge not to attack in exchange for the communist nation agreeing to end its nuclear weapons program. 
2003The U.S. Senate voted to ban what was known as partial birth abortions.  
199868 people were arrested in Indonesia for the killing spree that left nine suspected murderers dead.  
1998Cancer specialist Dr. Jane Henney became the FDA's first female commissioner.  
1998The New York Yankees set a major league baseball record of 125 victories for the regular and postseason combined.  
1994North Korea and the U.S. signed an agreement requiring North Korea to halt its nuclear program and agree to inspections.  
1994Rosario Ames, the wife of CIA agent Aldrich Ames, was sentenced to five years in prison for her role in her husband's espionage.  
1993The play "The Twilight of the Golds" opened.  
1991Jesse Turner, an American hostage in Lebanon, was released after nearly five years of being imprisoned.  
1988Former Philippine President Ferdinand E. Marcos and his wife, Imelda, were indicted in New York on fraud and racketeering charges. Marcos died before his trial and Imelda was acquitted in 1990.  
1986Pro-Iranian kidnappers in Lebanon claimed that they had abducted American writer Edward Tracy. He was not released until August of 1991.  
1986The U.S. ordered 55 Soviet diplomats to leave. The action was in reaction to the Soviet Union expelling five American diplomats.  
1983The Pentagon reported that 2,000 Marines were headed to Grenada to protect and evacuate Americans living there.  
1980The Philadelphia Phillies won their first World Series.  
1967Thousands of demonstrators marched in Washington, DC, in opposition to the Vietnam War.  
1966In south Wales, 140 people were killed by a coal waste landslide engulfed a school and several houses.  
1960John F. Kennedy and Richard M. Nixon debated for the fourth and final time before the 1960 U.S. presidential election. 
1959The Guggenheim Museum was opened to the public in New York. The building was designed by Frank Lloyd Wright.  
1950Chinese forces invaded Tibet.  
1945Women in France were allowed to vote for the first time.  
1944During World War II, the German city of Aachen was captured by U.S. troops.  
1927Construction began on the George Washington Bridge.  
1925The photoelectric cell was first demonstrated at the Electric Show in New York City, NY.  
1925The U.S. Treasury Department announced that it had fined 29,620 people for prohibition (of alcohol) violations.  
1918Margaret Owen set a typing speed record of 170 words per minute on a manual typewriter.  
1917The first U.S. soldiers entered combat during World War I near Nancy, France.  
1907Franz Lehár's operetta The Merry Widow opened in New York City. 
1879Thomas Edison invented the electric incandescent lamp. It would last 13 1/2 hours before it would burn out.  
1858The Can-Can was performed for the first time in Paris.  
1849The first tattooed man, James F. O’Connell, was put on exhibition at the Franklin Theatre in New York City, NY.  
1805The Battle of Trafalgar occurred off the coast of Spain. The British defeated the French and Spanish fleet.  
1805 A fleet of 33 ships (18 French and 15 Spanish) under Admiral Pierre-Charles-Jean-Baptiste-Silvestre de Villeneuve fought and was defeated by a British fleet of 27 ships under Admiral Horatio Nelson in the Battle of Trafalgar (combat was waged west of Cape Trafalgar, Spain).  
1797 One of the first frigates built for the U.S. Navy, the Constitution (byname Old Ironsides), was launched in Boston.  
1797"Old Ironsides," the U.S. Navy frigate Constitution, was launched in Boston's harbor.  
1520On this day in 1520, explorer Ferdinand Magellan and three Spanish ships entered the strait later named for him, sailing between the mainland tip of South America and the island of Tierra del Fuego toward the Pacific Ocean. 
Asterisks (*) denotes birthday

Famous Birthdays
1976 - Jeremy Miller
1956 - Carrie Fisher
1949 - Benjamin Netanyahu
1942 - Judge Judy Sheindlin
1925 - Joyce Randolph
1917 - Dizzy Gillespie
1833 - Alfred Nobel
1772 - Samuel Taylor Coleridge

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