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Today in History
Famous Birthdays
 Encyclopaedia Britannica

*1929Born this day in 1929 was Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, who redefined the role of U.S. first lady with her elegance, charm, and especially her composure after the 1963 assassination of her husband, President John F. Kennedy. 
*1844Gerard Manley Hopkins, born this day in 1844 in Stratford, Essex, England, was a poet, a Jesuit priest, and one of the most individual of Victorian writers. His work was not published in collected form until 1918, but it influenced many leading 20th-century poets. 
2006Researchers announced that two ancient reptiles had been found off Australia. The Umoonasaurus and Opallionectes were the first of their kind to be found in the period soon after the Jurassic era. 
2000Kathie Lee Gifford made her final appearance as co-host of the ABC talk show "Live with Regis and Kathie Lee."  
1998Bell Atlantic and GTE announced $52 billion deal that created the second-largest phone company.  
1998Monica Lewinsky received blanket immunity from prosecution to testify before a grand jury about her relationship with U.S. President Clinton.  
1998Serbian military forces seized the Kosovo town of Malisevo.  
1994Kenny Rogers (Texas Rangers) pitched the 14th perfect game in major league baseball history.  
1991Dennis Martinez (Montreal Expos) pitched the 13th perfect game in major league baseball history.  
1976An earthquake in the industrial city of Tangshan (T'ang-shan), China, killed more than 240,000 people. 
1973Lee Majors and Farrah Fawcett were married.  
1965U.S. President Johnson announced he was increasing the number of American troops in South Vietnam from 75,000 to 125,000.  
1951The Walt Disney film "Alice in Wonderland" was released.  
1945A U.S. Army bomber crashed into the 79th floor of New York City's Empire State Building. 14 people were killed and 26 were injured.  
1942L.A. Thatcher received a patent for a coin-operated mailbox. The device stamped envelopes when money was inserted.  
1941Plans for the Pentagon were approved by the U.S. House of Representatives.  
1932Federal troops forcibly dispersed the "Bonus Army" of World War I veterans who had gathered in Washington, DC. They were demanding money they were not scheduled to receive until 1945.  
1914Beginning of World War I. Austria-Hungary, already assured by William II of Germany's support should it start a preventive war, used the June 28, 1914, assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand as a pretext to humiliate Serbia, presenting it with an unacceptable ultimatum on the evening of July 23. On July 25 Serbia accepted all but two of the ultimatum's demands, but, though Serbia offered to submit the issue to international arbitration, Austria-Hungary promptly severed diplomatic relations. The Austro-Hungarian foreign minister, Leopold, Graf (count) von Berchtold, encouraged by the German foreign office, persuaded Austrian emperor Francis Joseph to authorize war against Serbia, which was declared on this day, and the first shots of World War I were fired the next day, by Austro-Hungarian artillery bombarding Belgrade. 
1896The city of Miami, FL, was incorporated.  
1868The Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was declared in effect. The amendment guaranteed due process of law.  
1866The metric system was legalized by the U.S. Congress for the standardization of weights and measures throughout the United States.  
1865The American Dental Association proposed its first code of ethics.  
1821Peru declared its independence from Spain.  
1794Maximilien Robespierre, a radical Jacobin leader and one of the principal figures in the French Revolution, was guillotined before a cheering mob on the Place de la Révolution. 
1750Johann Sebastian Bach, the great composer, died in Leipzig, Germany. 
1540King Henry VIII's chief minister, Thomas Cromwell, was executed. The same day, Henry privately married his fifth wife, Catherine Howard.  
Asterisks (*) denotes birthday

Famous Birthdays
1990 - Soulja Boy
1948 - Sally Struthers
1945 - Jim Davis
1945 - Rick Wright
1943 - Bill Bradley
1940 - Phil Proctor
1929 - Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis
1901 - Rudy Vallee
1866 - Beatrix Potter

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